574. Sturnia sturnina

574. Daurian Starling.
STURNIA STURNINA.
Sturnia sturnina (Pall.), Reis. Russ. R. iii. p. 695 (1776) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 71 ; (Oates) P. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 530 ; S. daurica (Pall.), Act. Holm. 1778, p. 197, Taf. vii. ; (David and Oust.) Ois. Chine, p. 362 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 457.
Male ad. (China). Crown, neck, and breast ashy grey, becoming nearly white on the throat and breast ; a nuchal patch, back, wings, and tail glossy purplish black, quills white on most of the inner web, the secondaries ashy grey on the basal half of the outer web ; wing-coverts and scapulars broadly tipped with white ; rump and upper tail-coverts brownish isabelline ; flanks same as the breast ; the rest of the under parts white, the under tail-coverts washed with warm buff, bill blackish brown, whitish at the base below ; legs dull earthy green ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.8, wing 4.2, tail 2.1, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female is browner and. duller, the upper parts being dark greyish brown and the slate-grey on the head is duller.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Northern China and Mongolia, winter┬Čing in Burma, the Nicobars, and the Malay Peninsula to Java.
Like its congener S. cineraceus, with which it often consorts, it inhabits the plains where there are old trees, and it is said to be rather tame and trustful than shy. It places its nest in the hollow of a tree, and the eggs are usually deposited early in June. The male of this species is said to have a sweet though somewhat short song. Like its congeners its food consists exclusively of insects. It breeds in Dauria, but I have not been able to examine authentic eggs.
Temenuchus pagodarum (Gm.), Acridotheres tristis (Linn.), and Acridotheres ginginianus (Lath.), three well known Indian birds, have strayed into Afghanistan, but as they do not belong to Palaearctic genera I have deemed it best to exclude them.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
574. Sturnia sturnina
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
574
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
403
Common name: 
Daurian Starling
M_ID: 
26819
M_CN: 
Daurian Starling
M_SN: 
Agropsar sturninus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10190

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