(1078) Procarduelis rubescens rubescens.
Procarduelis rubescens Blanf.. P. Z. S., 1871, p. 694 (Sikkim); Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 224.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. - Male. Crown, nape and neck crimson; back, scapulars, rump and upper tail-coverts brownish-crimson; wing-coverts crimson with brown bases, the greater coverts edged, some with crimson, some with rufous-buff; wing and tail-quills brown, edged with crimson; sides of the bead, lores and an indefinite line through the eye brown, mixed with crimson; cheeks, ear-coverts, chin and throat rosy-pink, becoming duller and much mixed with brown or smoky on the breast and flanks and albescent on the centre of the abdomen; under tail-coverts pale smoky-brown with whitish edges; under wing-coverts and axillaries greyish-brown, edged more fulvous.
Colours of soft parts. Iris dark brown ; bill pale horny-brown, the lower mandible paler and yellowish ; legs light brown.
Measurements. Total length about 155 mm.; wing 80 to 84 mm.; tail 50 to 55 mm.; tarsus 18 to 19 mm.; culmen about 13 mm.
Female. Very like the female of P. n. nipalensis but with the upper parts and edges to the feathers of wings and tail suffused with crimson ; the lower plumage is paler, becoming smoky pale grey on the centre of the abdomen.
Distribution. Eastern Nepal and Sikkim.
Habits. This is a Finch of high elevations, from 10,000 feet to the snow-level in Summer; on the other hand, it more often comes down to 6,000 feet and lower in Winter than does P. nipalensis. Stevens found it in Sikkim at elevations below 6,000 feet on several occasions and twice as low as 4,500 feet. They keep much to open country and to the outskirts of the larger woods and smaller plantations.