888. Aethopyga gouldiae.
Mrs. Gould's Yellow-backed Sun-bird.
Cinnyris gouldiae, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 44; Gould, Cent. pi. 56. Nectarinia gouldiae ( Vigors), Blyth, Cat. p. 223. Aethopyga gouldiae (Vigors), Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 733; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 364; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 23; Wald. Ibis, 1870, p. 35 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xliii, pt. ii, p. 156 ; Shelley, Mon. Nect. pp. xx, xxii, 41, pl. 14; Hume, Cat. no. 227; Oates, B. B. i, p. 315 ; Gadow, Cat. B. M. ix, p. 27; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 81.
The Purple-tailed Red Honey-sucker, Jerd.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, chin, throat, and the posterior part of the ear-coverts coppery red or burnished purple according to the light; lores blackish; a line of feathers over the lores, cheeks, sides of the head and neck, lesser wing-coverts, back, and scapulars crimson ; rump yellow ; upper tail-coverts rich purple or violet; basal three quarters of the median tail-feathers bright purple, terminal quarter brown ; the other rectrices brown, tinged with purple on the outer web and tipped with whitish; greater coverts and quills dark brown, edged with yellowish brown; lower plumage bright yellow; the breast more or less streaked with crimson; the sides of the breast crimson, with a patch of bright purple below the ear-coverts; under wing-coverts and axillaries whitish.
Female. Upper plumage light green, the feathers of the crown with brown centres ; rump sulphur-yellow; tail brown edged with olive-green, the lateral feathers broadly tipped with whitish; quills brown edged with green ; the whole lower plumage yellowish green.
Bill blackish brown ; iris reddish chocolate-brown ; tarsus deep brown ; toes a little paler (Hume).
Male: length about 6; tail 3; wing 2.1 ; tarsus .55 ; bill from gape .7. Female : tail 1.4 ; wing 2 ; bill from gape .65.
Distribution. The Himalayas from the Sutlej valley to Sikhim, up to 10,000 feet; the Khasi hills ; the Naga hills ; Manipur; Arrakan. This last locality I give on the authority of Blyth. Hume gives this species from Hill Tipperah and Chittagong, but there are no specimens in his collection from these localities.