712. Vultur monachus

712. Black Vulture.
Valtur monachus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 122 (1766) ; Dresser, v. p. 383, pl. 321 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 3 ; Blanford, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 317 ; V. cinereus, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 247 (1788) ; Naum. i. p. 155, Taf. i. ; Gould, B. of E. i. pl. 2.
Vautour arrian, French ; Pica osso, Portug. ; Buitre negro, Span, ; Avvoltoio nero, Ital. ; Kuttengeier, German ; Gragrib, Dan. ; Chernoburui Griff, Russ. ; Kala-gidh, Hindu.
Male ad. (S. E. Europe). Head and neck covered with hair-like feathers, ruff brownish ; general colour of the plumage brownish, the quills and tail-feathers blackish brown ; bill dark horn ; cere pale mauve, naked skin of the neck livid flesh colour ; legs and feet pearly white ; iris brown. Culmen 3.3, wing 30.0, tail 17.0, tarsus 4.0 inch. The young bird is much darker, blackish brown in colour, wings and tail nearly black.
Hab. Southern Europe ; a rare straggler to the northern parts of Continental Europe ; North Africa, rarer in the western portions, in East Africa south to Nubia ; Asia Minor and Central Asia to India and China.
In habits it resembles the Griffon, and like that bird is a carrion eater. It breeds about the same time as the Griffon, but unlike that species almost always places its nest in a tree, more seldom on a cliff. The nest is a bulky structure of boughs and sticks, lined with small twigs and wool, and one egg is deposited, very rarely two, which is white, richly marked with dark red, and the average size is 3.51 by 2.76. Eggs from Eastern Europe are as a rule less richly marked than those from Spain.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
712. Vultur monachus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Black Vulture
Cinereous Vulture
Aegypius monachus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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