(363) AEgithina tiphia zeylonica.
THE CEYLON IORA.
Motacilla zeylonica Gmel., S. N., i, p. 964 (1788) (Ceylon). Vernacular names. Patra jitta (Tel.).
Description.— Male breeding. Above from crown to rump much blacker than in the last bird and where the bases of the feathers show through these are much narrower, especially on the extreme upper back.
The non-breeding male and female are a much darker green above than AE. t. tiphia.
The other differences which have often been dwelt upon, such as the absence of white on the wing, the depth of yellow below, etc are of little help in distinguishing one race from another, but the dark tint at once suffices to separate Ceylon and S. Travancore birds from all but those of the Malay Peninsula, which undoubtedly come extraordinarily close to them.
Colours of soft parts and Measurements as in the other races.
Distribution. Ceylon and S. Travancore only.
Nidification and Habits as in the last.