242. Aethorhynchus lafresnayii.
The Great Iora.
Iora lafresnayei, Hartlaub, Rev. Zool. 1844, p. 401; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 309; Bl. & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 137; Hume, S. F. v, p. 423; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, pp. 328, 510; Hume, Cat. no. 468 quat.; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 184. Iora innotata, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 472 (1847); id. Cat. p. 213. Phoenicomanes iora, Sharpe, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 427, pl. liv. Aethorhynchus lafresnayii (Hartl.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 14; Oates, B. B. i, p. 204.
Coloration. Male. In breeding-plumage (February to June) the upper plumage is dull green, each feather more or less black at the extreme tip; wings, tail, and upper tail-coverts deep black, the primaries and outer secondaries very narrowly edged with greenish on the outer, and more broadly with white on the inner webs; lores, cheeks, a ring round the eye, and the whole lower plumage bright yellow.
The male at other times (July to January) has the upper plu¬mage, wing-coverts, and tertiaries dull green; the tail greenish yellow; primaries and secondaries dark brown, edged with greenish yellow; lores, cheeks, round the eye, and the entire lower plumage bright yellow.
Female. Resembles the male in the plumage last described.
Young males with the tail green and the tertiaries mingled black and greenish yellow are not uncommon.
Iris dark brown ; bill leaden blue, the culmen dark horny ; legs and feet leaden blue ; claws horny (Hume Coll.).
Length about 6.5; tail 2.2; wing 2.75; tarsus .8; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. Arrakan (Blyth); the southern portion of Tenasserim from Mergui to Bankasun and the Thoungyeen valley. Tickell obtained this bird near Ye in Tenasserim. It extends clown the Malay peninsula.
An allied species from Siam is A. xanthotis, which has the ear-coverts and' the tips of the wing-coverts yellow.
Habits, &c. Frequents gardens and forests, going about singly or in pairs, searching the leaves of trees for insects and uttering a fine whistling call.