(85) AEgithaliscus ioschistos.
THE RUFOUS-FRONTED TIT.
Parus ioschistos Hodgs., J. A. S. B., xiii, p. 943 (1844} (Nepal). AEgithaliscus ioschistus. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 52.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Forehead, a broad band on the middle of the head, the sides of the neck and a broad collar on the upper back fawn-colour; lores, under the eye, and a broad band on the side of the crown extending to the upper back and there blending with the band on the other side, black; ear-coverts blackish in front, rufous behind; upper plumage, wing-coverts and the edges to the wings and tail ashy olive; primary-coverts and winglet dark brown ; tail brown, the outer web of the outermost feather white, the next two with some white at the tip ; chin and throat silvery white, with the black bases of the feathers showing through; the chin and a stripe under the cheek blacker than the other parts ; cheeks and entire lower plumage dark ferruginous.
Colours of soft parts. Bill black; legs yellow-brown; iris brown (Jerdon); iris yellow (Blanford).
Measurements. Length about 100 mm.; tail about 55 mm.; wing about 60 mm.; culmen about 7 mm.; tarsus about 17 mm.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan.
Nidification and Habits. Very little on record. Blanford found it in Sikkim at 9,000 feet and upwards, and believed that it kept only to the pine-forests.
Genus REMIZ Stejn., 1886.
This genus contains a group of small birds generally known as Penduline Tits, extending from South and East Europe to China.
They are all small in size, have square tails, no crests, and have no green on the upper plumage.
They are more or less migratory in their habits and only enter India as rather rare winter visitors.