39. Aegithaliscus ioschistus.
The Rufous-fronted Tit.
Parus ioschistos, Hodys., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiii, p. 943 (1844); Blyth, Cat. p. 104. Orites (?) jouschistos (Hodgs), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 375. . Aegithaliscus ioschistos (Hodgs.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 271; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 58; Hume, Cat. no. 635. Acredula jouschistos (Hodgs.), Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 58.
Coloration. Forehead, a broad band on the middle of the head, the sides of the neck, and a broad collar on the upper back fawn-colour ; lores, under the eye, and a broad band on the side of the crown extending to the upper back and there blending with the band on the other side, black; ear-coverts blackish in front, rufous behind; upper plumage, wing-coverts, and the edges to the wings and tail ashy olive ; primary-coverts and winglet dark brown ; tail brown, the outer web of the outermost feather white, the next two with some white at the tip; chin and throat silvery white with the black bases of the feathers showing through, the chin and a stripe under the cheek blacker than the other parts; cheeks and entire lower plumage dark ferruginous.
The young have the lower plumage pale rufous, and the black and silvery feathers on the chin and throat are absent.
Bill black ; legs yellow-brown ; iris brown (Jerdon) ; iris yellow (Blanf.).
Length about 4 ; tail 2 ; wing 2.2 ; tarsus .65 ; bill from gape .35.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikhim, and Bhutan. Blanford remarks that it is probably found only in pine-forests. He observed it in Sikhim at elevations of 9000 and 10,000 feet.