223. Acredula caudata

Acredula caudata, (Linn.) Syst. Nat. i. p. 342 (1766) ; (Naum.) iv. p. 84, Taf. 95, figs. 4, 5, 6 ; (Gould), B. of E. pl. 157 ; Dresser, iii. p. 67, pl. 104 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 59 ; Saunders, p. 101 ; Lilford, ii. p. 110, pl. 50 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 443 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 87.
Mesange a longue queue, French ; Codona capo bianco, Ital. ; Schwanzmeise, German ; Staartmees, Dutch ; Stjertmeise, Dan. ; Stjarttita, Norweg. ; Stjertmes, Swed. ; Pyrstotiainen, Finn. ; Dolgovostaya sinitchka, Russ.
Male ad. (Sweden). Head snowy white ; hind neck and back black, the latter with the sides and scapulars vinous red, and the lower part and rump pale rosy red ; upper tail-coverts black ; wings and tail blackish brown externally margined with white, the outer tail-feathers broadly terminated with white ; under parts white washed with vinous on the flanks and under tail-coverts ; bill and feet black ; iris brown ; ring round the eye lemon-yellow. Culmen 0.3, wing 2.5, tail 3.5, tarsus 0.6 inch. Sexes alike. The young have the upper parts brownish black, the centre of the crown white, and the under parts duller than in the adult.
Hab. Northern and central Europe, extending across N. Asia to Kamchatka and Japan, in winter ranging into southern Europe, and occurs as a rare straggler in Great Britain.
In the summer it frequents woods and groves, and in the autumn and winter it collects m family parties or small flocks, and ranges about in the woods and in gardens utter¬ing, when on the wing, a continuous note, zi, zi, zi, but it has no regular song. It feeds chiefly on small insects which it obtains on the trees and bushes, but when these are scarce it will eat small seeds. Its nest is one of the most artistic of that of any of our birds, is oval in shape with a hole in the side near the top, is constructed of green moss and lichens care¬fully worked together with spiders’ webs and profusely lined with feathers and hair. The eggs, which are deposited in May, are dull white finely dotted with red, chiefly at the larger end, and average in size about 0.53 by 0.42. In number they vary from 6 to 8, 10 and even 16 or more. The nest is placed in a bush or tree at altitudes varying from two or three to fifty feet above the ground.
Specimens from Siberia have the tail longer, varying from 3.7 to 4.0 inch, and have been separated under the name of A. macrura, Seebohm (Brit. B. 1 p. 487.)

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
223. Acredula caudata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Longtailed Titmouse
Long-tailed Tit
Aegithalos caudatus
Vol. 1

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