Actitis (Rhyacophilus) glareola, Gm:
891. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 697; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 17; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 429 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 253 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 134.
THE SPOTTED SAND-PIPER.
Length, 8.5 to 9.0; wing, 5 ; expanse, 16.5; tail, 2 ; tarsus, 1.5 ; hill at front, 1.2.
Bill greenish, dusky-black at tip ; irides deep brown ; legs pale-greenish.
In winter, the plumage is deep brown on the forehead, crown, back, and wings, with white and greyish spots on the back, a dusky streak between the gape and the eye, and a white supercilium ; cheeks and nape dirty-white with ashy-brown spots ;. upper tail-coverts pure white, tail narrowly barred black and white, the two outer feathers on each side entirely white ; throat white; foreneck and breast dirty white, with spots and streaks of ashy-brown; flanks barred with the same ; abdomen and under tail-coverts pure white.
In summer the feathers of the crown and nape are distinctly streaked brown and white ; the feathers of the back have a large black spot as well as the white spots, and the white of the lower parts is purer.
The Spotted Sand-piper is a common cold weather visitant to all parts of the region ; it is perhaps less common in Sind than elsewhere.