1093. Totanus macularius

1093. Spotted Sandpiper.
TOTANUS MACULARIUS.
Totanus macularius (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 249 (1766) ; Wilson, Am. Orn. vii. p. 60, pl. 59, fig. 1 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 335, pl. xc. fig. 3 ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 317 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit, iv pl. 59 ; (Naum.), viii. p. 34, Taf. 195 ; Dresser, ix. p. 367, pl. 713 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 468 : Saunders, p. 605* ; Ridgway, p. 170 ; Poynting, p. 199, pl. 42.
Male ad. (Washington). Differs from T. hypoleucus in having the upper parts more boldly marked with blackish brown, the breast thickly, and the rest of the under parts more sparsely spotted with brownish black ; base of bill fleshy pink, the rest dusky brown ; legs pale pink ; iris brown Culmen 1.10, wing 4.4, tail 2.1, tarsus 1.05 inch. Sexes alike. In winter the upper parts are olivaceous brown, without the bold dark markings ; wing-coverts barred with blackish ; under parts white ; the sides of lower neck washed with pale ashy brown. The young bird has all the secondaries barred with ashy brown, whereat in that of T. hypoleucus the 8th and 9th are nearly white.
Hab. North America generally, migrating in winter south to Brazil ; of rare and doubtful occurrence in Britain, but of still more doubtful occurrence elsewhere in Europe.
In habits and nidification it closely resembles T. hypoleucus, but its eggs are different, being creamy drab or creamy ochreous in ground-colour, the underlying shell-markings of an indistinct neutral tint, and the surface spots and blotches rich dark brown. In size they measure about 1.22 by 0.93.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1093. Totanus macularius
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1093
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
792
Common name: 
Spotted Sandpiper
M_ID: 
4308
M_CN: 
Spotted Sandpiper
M_SN: 
Actitis macularius
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10855

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