(324) Actinodura ramsayi ramsayi.
Actinodura ramsayi Walden, A. M. N. H., (4) xv, p. 402 (1875) (Karennee); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 202.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Upper plumage ashy olive-brown, tinged with ferruginous on the head and more so on the forehead, the feathers of the back,rump and upper tail-coverts faintly cross-barred with black ; lores dusky ; a conspicuous ring of white round the eye; sides of head ashy ; primary-coverts black ; inner secondaries and other wing-coverts olive-brown, distinctly barred with black; outer webs of primaries and outer secondaries chestnut on the basal, ashy on the terminal halves, barred with black ; tail olive-brown, distinctly barred with numerous narrow black bars, the bars increasing in width on the outer feathers; all the tail-feathers tipped with white ; whole lower plumage ochraceous buff, becoming browner on the under tail-coverts.
Colours of soft parts. Iris light hair-brown; bill homy-brown ; legs slaty-brown (Wardlaw-Ramsay).
Measurements. Total length 230 to 240 mm.; wing 86 to 90 mm.; tail about 120 to 130 ram.; tarsus about 28 mm.; culmen about 18 mm.
Distribution. The Southern Shan States and Karenni.
Habits. Rippon records of this bird in the Shan States: " The habits of this bird are very like those of Leioptila castanoptera; it hops rapidly from branch to branch, frequently uttering its call. The call of L. castanoptera is three notes in the minor in a descending scale, preceded by a flourish; that of A. ramsayi is the same without the flourish.'9 It is found in heavy forest or brushwood between 3,000 and 5,000 feet elevation.