213. Ixops nepalensis.
The Hoary Bar-wing.
Cinclosoma nipalensis, Hodgs. As. Res. xix, p. 145 (1836). Actinodura nipalensis (Hodgs.), Blyth, Cat. p. 98; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 212; Jerd. B. I. ii,'p. 53; Jerd. Ibis, 1872, p. 303; Hume, N. & E. p. 260; id. Cat. no. 428; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 292 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 406. Ixops nepalensis, Hodgs., Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 84 ; id. J. A. S. B. xxiv, p. 577 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 137.
Coloration. Forehead and crest coffee-brown, with long hoary shaft-streaks; sides of neck, mantle, back, and lesser wing-coverts rufescent brown, with indistinct. whitish shaft-lines; rump and upper tail-coverts more rufous and streakless; primary-coverts black; greater coverts rufous tipped with hoary; quills chestnut, barred with black on the outer webs, tertiaries rufescent and barred with black on both webs ; the outer webs of the earlier primaries more or less ashy ; basal portion of tail castaneous barred with black, the chestnut decreasing in extent from the median feathers to the laterals, the other portions black tipped with white; ear-coverts and lores silvery ashy ; cheeks black, continued narrowly along the base of the ear-coverts; chin, throat, and breast fulvous ashy, turning to ferruginous on the flanks, lower abdomen, vent, and under tail-coverts.
Bill brownish black; iris brown; eyelid bluish grey ; feet brownish fleshy ; claws livid (Scully).
Length about 8; tail 3.3; vving 3.5; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikhim, and Bhutan, at elevations of from 4000 to 10,000 feet.
Habits, &c. According to Jerdon this species is still more arboreal than A. egertoni, and it feeds on the insects which infest the flowers of the rhododendron trees. Hodgson states that it breeds from April to June, constructing a saucer-shaped nest of twigs, grass, and fibres, in crevices between rocks and stones. The colour of the eggs is a matter about which there seems to be some doubt.