172. Acrocephalus stentoreus

172. CLAMOROUS REED-WARBLER.
ACROCEPHALUS STENTOREUS.
Acrocephalus stentoreus (Hempr. and Ehr.) Symb. Phys. Aves. fol. b.b. (1828) ; Stafford Allen, Ibis. 1864, p. 97, pl. i ; Dresser, ii. p. 585 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 98 ; (Oates), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 356 ; A. brunnescens (Jerdon), Madr. Journ, x. p. 269 (1839) ; Hume and Henderson, Lahore to Yark. p. 214, pl. xvi.
Male ad. (India). Differs from A. arundinaceus in having the wing shorter, the bill longer, and not so stout, the second primary about equal to the 5th and shorter than the 3rd and 4th : upper mandible dark horn, under mandible flesh colour with a dusky tip ; legs and feet greenish plumbeous ; iris brownish yellow. Culmen 0.9, wing 3.45, tail 3.3, tarsus 1.15 inch.
Hab Egypt, Transcaspia, Persia, Bokhara, Turkestan, Kashmir, Nepal, Sind, and Ceylon, wintering on the plains of India from the Himalayas to Ceylon, and from Sind to Assam and southern Pegu.
In general habits it does not differ from A. arundinaccus and frequents the same localities, hut its song is said to differ not a little and to be louder. Its call-note is a loud tchak, often repeated. The breeding season is from May to August accord¬ing to locality, and the nest is built amongst the reeds or in the fork of a low bush, always over water. It is deep, cup¬shaped, constructed of aquatic herbage, fine roots, grass, and fibres, and 4 eggs are usually deposited. These vary con¬siderably both in ground colour and markings. In most the ground colour is pale green or greenish white occasionally with a bluish tinge, in some it is creamy stone-colour ; some are stippled with numerous minute specks, and spotted and blotched with greyish black, inky purple, olive-brown, yellowish olive and reddish umber, whereas in others the stippling is wanting and the markings are smaller and less well defined, and in most the markings are most numerous at the larger end. Average size about 0.89 by 0.61.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
172. Acrocephalus stentoreus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
172
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
120
Common name: 
Clamorous Reed Warbler
M_ID: 
23187
M_CN: 
Clamorous Reed Warbler
M_SN: 
Acrocephalus stentoreus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10156

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