(997) Acridotheres tristis melanosternus.
The Common Ceylon Myna.
Acridotheres melanosternus Legge, A. M. N. H. (5) iii, p.168 (1879) (Ceylon) ; Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 538.
Vernacular names. Gon Kawada, Gon - Kowdichya (Cing.); Nakanam pachchi, Naklan (Tam.).
Description. Differs from A. t. tristis in being much darker everywhere. The black head is not sharply denned from the dark vinous brown back; the vinous underparts are darker and overlaid with an ashy-black wash ; the wing-spot is smaller and less conspicuous, the primary-coverts being partly black.
Colours of soft parts as in the preceding bird.
Measurements, Wing 135 to 142 mm.
Distribution. Ceylon only.
Nidification. Similar to that of the preceding bird. Fifty eggs average 29.7 X 21.5 mm.: maxima 32.9 X 21.7 and 32.2 x 22.6 mm.; minima 28.0 x 20.9 mm, The full clutch is three or sometimes four and very exceptionally five.
Habits. Those of the preceding bird, though it is less common and therefore less ubiquitous.