Family Aegypiidae

Family Aegypiidae.

As the generic name Vultur is applicable to an American genus not represented in India or among the Old World Vultures, it is impossible to employ it as the basis of the Family name and the next oldest, Aegypius, must therefore be made use of.

The Vultures differ from the Falcons, Eagles and Hawks in having the head and neck bare, or only partly covered, with short down and in never having any true feathers on the crown.

The crop is covered with short fluffy feathers and there is generally a more or less distinct ruff at the base of the naked neck; the bill is strong, less markedly so in Neophron, deep and compressed with the culmen much curved; the tip is deeply hooked and the cere large and horny; there are fifteen cervical vertebrae, one more than is usual in the Falconidae; the wings are long and pointed, the third or fourth longest or subequal and the first reaching nearly to the tip of the wing ; there are twelve or fourteen rectrices; the tarsi are partly leathered, the naked portion covered with granular scales, the final upper portions of the toes with broad scutulae; the central toe is long, the inner and outer toes subequal, the middle and outer being joined for half the length of the latter with a membrane; claws long but not much curved.

The family has genera extending throughout the tropical and warm temperate countries of Europe, Africa and Asia.

Key to Genera.

A. Bill stout
a. Nostril round or oval; tail-feathers twelve.
a1. No wattle on the neck..............................Aegypius, p. 7.
b1. A fleshy wattle on either side of the neck...............SARCOGYPS, p. 8.
b. Nostril a narrow vertical slip.
c1. Tail-feathers fourteen ..............................GYPS, p. 10.
d1. Tail-feathers twelve..............................PSEUDOGYPS, p. 19.
B.Bill slender; nostrils elongate and horizontal................NEOPHRON, p. 21.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.5 1928.
Title in Book: 
Family Aegypiidae
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1928
Page No: 
6
M_ID: 
2539
M_SN: 
Accipitridae
Volume: 
Vol. 5
Term name: 
id: 
4279

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith