749. Accipiter virgatus

749. BESRA SPARROW-HAWK.
ACCIPITER VIRGATUS.
Accipiter virgatus (Temm.), Pl. Col. i. pl. 109 (1823) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br, Mus. i. p. 150 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 404 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 110 ; A. gularis (Temm, and Schlegel), Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 5, pl. 2 (1550) ; A. stevensoni, Gurney, Ibis, 1863, p. 447, pl. xi.
Besra female, Dhoti male, Hindu. ; Ukissa, Cing. ; Tsume, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). Upper parts dark slaty brown, the sides of the head pale greyish brown washed with rufous ; tail and quills dark banded ; nape-feathers and scapulars white at the base ; throat white ; under parts pale rusty red slightly barred with white, vent and under tail-coverts white ; bill lead-grey, blackish at the tip ; cere pale lemon-yellow ; legs and feet yellow ; iris bright yellow or orange, Culmen 0.72, wing 6.3, tail 5.3, tarsus 2.1 inch. Female larger (wing 7.8, tail 6.4) ; upper parts dark brown tinged with grey, the head blackish brown ; tail pale ashy brown with broad blackish bands ; under parts white broadly barred with rufous brown ; throat white with a broad dark median stripe.
Hab. The Himalayas and the forests of India and Ceylon, north to the southern Baikal district and Dauria, east to China and Japan, south to the Indo-Malayan islands.
Inhabits the forests, and is a bold courageous bird, being therefore held in high esteem by Indian falconers. It feeds on small birds, and also to some extent on lizards and insects. Its nest is placed in a tree and is constructed of sticks without any lining, and the eggs, 4 in number, are laid in May, and are white spotted and blotched with dark umber-brown and measure about 1.54 by 1.19.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
749. Accipiter virgatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
749
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
532
Common name: 
Besra Sparrow Hawk
M_ID: 
2946
M_CN: 
Besra
M_SN: 
Accipiter virgatus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10012

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