No. 22. Lophospiza Trivirgatus, REINW.
THE CRESTED GOSHAWK.
"While the common Goshawk is a true Palaearctic type, never I believe finding its way far south of 30° North Latitude, the Crested Goshawk belongs essentially to the middle Palaetropical or Indian Region, and while unknown north and west of Delhi, is found throughout Southern India and Ceylon, in Assam, Burmah, Java, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippine Islands, Formosa, and probably Southern China generally.
I know nothing of the nidification of the species beyond what Layard, quoted by Jerdon, says, of its breeding on rocks in Ceylon. It is common enough on the Neilgheries, and it is to be hoped that some of my correspondents there, will make it a special study.
Swinhoe has the following note (Ibis, 1866) on " a fine female" killed in Formosa. " Length, 16.25 inches; wing, 9 inches ; tail, 7.6 inches. First quill, 1.5 inches shorter than the third, which is 0.3 inch shorter than the fourth and fifth, the longest in the wing. The second to the fifth quills indented on the inner web, the first less sinuated. Tail of twelve, nearly equal feathers, rectrices barred, the outer pair with only one faint bar near the base, and an indistinct one near the tip. Legs yellow. Claws black. Tarsi about 2.75 inches long, feathered for about 1.75 inches down the front; middle toe without the claw, about 1.62 inches; claw of outer toe, about the same size as that of the middle toe, inner toe, shorter than the outer, with the claw nearly as large as that on hind toe."
Wallace in the Ibis for 1868, gives the " bill black, base, lead colour; iris and cere, orange yellow; cheeks and orbits olive; feet yellow. Length 15 inches."