1245. Astur soloensis.
Horsfield's Short-toed Hawk.
Falco soloensis, Horsf. Tr. Linn. Soc. xiii, p. 137 (1821). Tachyspiza soloensis, Kaup, Class. Saug. Vog. p. 116. Tachyspizias soloensis, Gurney, Ibis, 1875, p. 365. Micronisus soloensis, Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 38; V. Pelzeln, Reise Nov., Aves, p. 12; Ball, S. F. i, p. 52 ; Hume, S. F. ii, p. 141. Astur soloensis, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 114, pi. iv, fig. 1; Hume, S. F. v, p. 124; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 8 ; Hume, Cat. no. 23 ter; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 143; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 180.
Coloration. Adult. Upper parts blackish ashy, basal portions of scapulars and of inner webs of quills white, the latter more or less banded; tail barred as in A. badius, the middle and outer feathers unbarred in old birds; sides of head and neck ashy grey ; throat buffy white, streaked with grey; breast and flanks almost uniform vinous or ferruginous red, passing on the abdomen and thigh-coverts into white on the lower abdomen and under tail-coverts ; wing-lining buff. Sexes similar in colour and size.
Young birds very similar to those of A. badius, but darker above. Birds that have not attained the fully adult plumage have all the tail-feathers banded and traces of barring on the breast.
Bill horny plumbeous; cere and orbits light yellow ; irides pale straw-colour; legs and feet orange-yellow.
Length of a female 12; tail 5.4; wing 7.5; tarsus 1.6; bill from gape 0.8. The third quill is longest, fourth slightly shorter.
Distribution. Southern China to the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago as far as New Guinea, and in Southern Tenasserim. A specimen was obtained by Bingham near the Thoungyin River, almost west of Moulmein, another at Malewoon by Davison, and a third on Car Nicobar by the ' Novara' Expedition.
Habits, &c. A forest bird. The specimen shot by Bingham had been feeding on lizards and frogs. Nidification not known.