1817. Accipiter gularis nisoides

(1817) Aceipiter gularis nisoides Blyth.
THE INDO-CHINESE SPARROW-HAWK.
Aceipiter gularis nisoides, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 164.
This small form of gularis is found from Fokhien in Southern China, through the Indo-Chinese countries, to Southern Burma and the Andamans, while to the South it occurs in the Malay States, Sumatra and some of the other islands.
Nests and eggs of this Sparrow-Hawk have been taken by Wickham in the Andamans and by Hopwood and Mackenzie in Tavoy, The first writes (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xix, p. 992, 1910) :— “House-Crows not having been sentenced to transportation, an untidy collection of sticks in the fork of a Rain-tree, although overhanging a road to a small village, attracted my attention early in March this year ; it contained nothing, but was noted for future inspection. On the 21st March I visited the spot again and found it contained two fresh eggs of the Besra Sparrow-Hawk ; thinking this was probably the full complement for the Andamans, as birds who should know better often play this trick on collectors here, I topic them, but secured another egg on the 28th, my first bit of good fortune.
“The jungle round here was a favourite hunting-ground and I had noticed another stick-nest in a. rain-tree not 100 yards from the nest I bad taken the Sparrow-Hawk’s eggs from, and it was during one of my subsequent visits that I found my little pair of Hawks were repairing this old home of theirs, and on the 28th April I took four eggs slightly incubated.
“The pluck of these little Hawks in defence of their nests is wonderful, as they swoop down on the marauder, and once struck my topee as I was watching the man at the nest, both male and female taking part in the attack ; but they also have patience, as this pair returned to their first nest and hatched out their brood on the 14th June.”
Hopwood twice obtained nests in Tavoy, concerning which he wrote me :—“c/2 Accipiter virgatus ? I think you may like these two, as they are small feebly marked eggs, very different from those of the Northern virgatus and, perhaps, of a type new to you. They were taken in an old Carpophaga nest. I have also an exactly similar clutch of four taken from a Jungle-Crow’s nest, while in another old nest of a Crow I found a brood of four young birds, one of which I caught and now have in an aviary.”
The clutch of four was taken on the 16th April and the pair of eggs on the 25th,
From the above it will be seen that the birds breed principally in March and April, but Wickham took one pair of eggs and Osmaston others in the Andamans late in February.
The eggs are quite typical Sparrow-Hawks’ eggs but are very small and very feebly coloured. The ground is white, rather dull, with faint blotches of sienna or reddish-brown and with still paler secondary blotches of neutral tint. One set of Wickham’s is rather better marked with rather rich red-brown blotches confined to the larger or, in one case, to the smaller end.
Fourteen eggs average 36.7 x 29.5 mm. : maxima 88.9 x 31.1 mm, ; minima 33.2 x 28.0 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1817. Accipiter gularis nisoides
Spp Author: 
Blyth.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1817
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
115
Common name: 
Indo Chinese Sparrow Hawk
M_ID: 
2942
M_CN: 
Japanese Sparrowhawk
M_SN: 
Accipiter gularis
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
14987

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