1804. Astur badius cenehroides

(1804) Astur badius cenchroides Severtz.
THE SIND SHIKRA.
Astur badius cenchroides, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 150.
This race of the Shikra breeds in Turkestan, Afghanistan, Baluchi¬stan, Eastern Persia, in Sind and in the extreme North-West of the Frontier Provinces.
Ticehurst seems doubtful as to whether cenchroides is anything more than a winter visitor to Sind, and writes (Ibis, 1923, p. 257):— “I have not seen any breeding birds from Sind, but winter specimens belong to both races, cenchroides and dussumieri ; one must be a winter visitor, probably the former,”
Scrope Doig “found nests of this bird on the 22nd and 29th April, each containing three eggs. Nests situated high up in Kundy-trees growing in the middle of dense thick tamarisk-jungle.”
This Shikra is a very common bird in Sind but keeps to the better wooded, less arid parts, though Ticehurst thinks it also breeds “ in the more desert tracts.” Bell informed Ticehurst that he got eggs on the 19th March and 30th April, and that the bird prefers “trees with plenty of leaf, such as babool or kundi in the thickish forest.” Bulkley, however, obtained nests from trees in the open, while Eates, who has examined very many nests, has seen them in thin and thick scrub, both in Babool and Kundi-trees, quite in the open cultivated land in other trees by no means densely foliaged, and also in a Casuarina-tree close to a village about 20 miles from Karachi.
The nest is exactly like that of dussumieri and its habits and breeding generally similar.
In Sind it breeds from March to May and possibly a good deal earlier, while Pitman took fresh eggs near Dehra Ismail Khan on the 28th March. Williams has a very interesting note on their breeding near Quetta (Journ. Bomb, Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xxxiii, p. 610, 1928):—“This Hawk is fairly common throughout the Quetta valley and breeds all through the Summer, building its nest in lofty leafy trees or else commandeering a Magpie’s disused tenement, “At Pishin there is quite a colony of them breeding in Beech- trees in the Political Agent’s compound. This was towards the end of June, and nearly every nest had young. From one nest I got a full-fledged bird and an addled egg.”
The normal clutch of eggs is undoubtedly three, but four are not rare. They are not distinguishable from those of the other races, but marked eggs seem to be very rare. Eates has obtained two or three clutches with one or more marked eggs among them and one beautiful clutch of three with all the eggs quite handsomely blotched.
Thirty eggs average 40.4 x 31.3 mm. : maxima 42.0 x 31.7 and 41.0 x 32.2 mm. ; minima 36.8 x 29.5 and 35.1 x 29.1 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1804. Astur badius cenehroides
Spp Author: 
Severtz.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1804
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
105
Common name: 
Sind Shikra
M_ID: 
2868
M_SN: 
Accipiter badius cenchroides
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
14977

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