462. Linota rufescens

Linota rufetcens (Vieill), Mem. Real. Accad. Sc. Tor. xxiii. Sc. Fis. p. 202 (1816-18) ; (Gould), B. of Gt. Brit. iii. pl. 52 ; Newton, ii. p. 146 ; Dresser, iv, p. 47, pl. 188 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 252 ; Saunders, p. 191 ; Lilford, iv. p. 62, pl. 30 ; L. Unarm, (Hewitson), i. p. 201, pl. li. fig. 2.
Sizerin cabaret, French ; Volieelo, Pajaro linero, Span. Organetto minore, Ital.
Male ad. (England). Differs from L. linaria in being smaller, in having the upper parts darker and more rufous in tinge, the rump more strongly marked, and the bands on the wing pale warm buff. Culmen 0.4, wing 2.75, tail 2.4, tarsus 0.55 inch. The female is smaller, lacks the red on the rump and breast and has the under parts dull brownish white, the breast, sides, and flanks streaked with dull brown.
Hab. Great Britain and Western Europe, breeding in Great Britain, and possibly also in the northern part of western continental Europe, wintering as a rule further south.
Like the preceding species it is lively and active, rather tame and confiding than otherwise, and is essentially a woodland species, frequenting woods, groves, and bush-covered places, but in the winter may often be seen in the open country in large or small flocks, frequenting alder and birch-trees and keeping up a continual twittering. Its food consists of seeds of various kinds chiefly those of composite weeds, and in the summer to some extent of insects. Its song is clear, rather loud than otherwise and pleasing. Its nest, which is placed on a tree or bush, frequently at a considerable height, and occasionally in the heather, is smaller than that of L. linaria, cup-shaped, very neatly constructed of fine twigs, grass-bents, moss, and wool carefully lined with plant-down, sometimes with hair and feathers. The eggs 4 to 6 in number are usually deposited in May and resemble those of L. linaria, but are smaller, measuring about 0.61 by 0.47.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
462. Linota rufescens
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Lessee Redpoll
Acanthis flammea cabaret
Vol. 1

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