Subfamily LARINAE

Subfamily LARINAE.

Bill stout, curved at tip, upper mandible longer than the lower. Nostrils-oblong, at some distance from base of mandible. Tarsus scutellated in front. Anterior toes fully webbed. Hind toe small, free, and raised (webbed to tarsus in Leucophaeus and Pagophila ; rudimentary or obsolete in Rissa). Tail square,, or nearly so (forked in Xema ; cuneate and mid pair produced in Rhodostethia).

(i.) Tail square, or very nearly so. Hind toe free.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily LARINAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
210
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
13028

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