Order GAVIAE

Order GAVIAE,

Nearly related to the Limicolae. Front toes entirely connected by webs. Fifth secondary wanting. Primaries eleven (terminal one minute and concealed). Aftershaft. Spinal feather tract. Rectrices twelve. Oil-gland tufted. Young hatched covered with down, but fed by parents for some days. Eggs double-spotted.

Bill without a cere . LARUS . GULLS.
HYDROCHELIDON HYDROPROGNE . . MARSH-TERNS.
STERNA SEA-TERNS.
RIVER-TERNS. TERNLETS. OCEAN-TERNS.
ANOUS. . NODDIES.
GYGIS . .
RHYNCHOPS SKIMMERS.
Bill with horny cere STERCORARIUS . SKUAS.
Order GAVIAE. GULLS, TERNS, NODDIES, SKIMMERS, and SKUAS.

Closely related to the Limicolae, and the resemblance is shown in nearly every detail of their anatomy. The eggs of Gulls and Terns are double-spotted (like those of Plovers). Schizognathous. Front toes entirely connected by webs. Fifth secondary wanting. Primaries eleven (terminal one minute and concealed). After-shaft. Spinal feather tract. Rectrices twelve. Oil-gland tufted. Young when hatched covered with down, able to run, but fed by parents for some days. Eggs seldom exceeding three, spotted or scrolled with dark colours on white, buff, or olive ground.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Order GAVIAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
209
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
13026

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