Order HERODIONES

Order HERODIONES.

Toes long. Hind toe free, well developed, and on same plane as others (except in Storks). Tibia partially bare (except in a few Herons). Desmognathous. Oil-gland tufted. Fifth secondary wanting. After-shaft generally present (wanting in some Storks). Eggs greenish white. Young remain in nest for a time.

Two notches on each side of posterior margin of breast-bone. Hind toe on same plane as others . IBIS . - IBISES.
INOCOTIS
PLEGADIS
PLATALEA . SPOONBILLS,

One notch on each side of posterior margin of breast-bone. Hind toe raised, position variable CICONIA . . STORKS.
OPEN BILLS.
ADJUTANTS.
PAINTED STORKS.
ANASTOMUS .
XENORHYNCHUS .
DISSURA
LEPTOPTILUS
PSEUDOTANTALUS . .
One notch on each side of posterior margin of breast-bone. Hind toe on same plane as others .

ARDEA HERONS.
EGRETS.
REEF-HERONS.
MESOPHOYX .
HERODIAS .
LEPTERODIUS
DEMIEGRETTA
NYCTICORAX. NIGHT HERONS.
CANCROMA . BOATBILLS.
GORSACHIUS . MALAY BITTERNS.
BUTORIDES . GREEN HERONS.
ARDEOLA POND-HERONS.
BUBULCUS . CATTLE EGRETS.
ARDETTA BITTERNS.
DUPETOR
BOTAURUS .
Hind toe on same plane as BALAENICIPITTIDAE SHOEBILLS.
others Scopidae . HAMMERHEADS.
Order HERODIONES.

IBISES, SPOONBILLS, STORKS, and HERONS.

Marsh birds, resembling Rails, Cranes, and Plovers in their long bills, necks, and legs, but differing from them in anatomy and their young being helpless when hatched. They are more nearly allied to the Steganopodes (Cormorants, Gannets, Frigate-Birds, Pelicans, etc.) and the Acciptrine birds. Desmognathous, or birds with vomer abortive or small, when existent always slender, narrow behind and tapers in front. Maxillo-palatines united. Oil-gland tufted. Sternum has two notches or one notch on each side of posterior margin. Fifth secondary wanting. After-shaft generally present (wanting in some Storks). Tibia (except in a few Herons) partially bare. Toes long, hind toe free, well developed, and on same plane as the other toes (except in Storks). Nest generally in trees, and young are fed in the nest for a time by the parents. Eggs greenish white,, with or without spots.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Order HERODIONES
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
186
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
12961

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