Subfamily TOTANINAE

Subfamily TOTANINAE.

CURLEWS, GODWITS, SANDPIPERS, STINTS, and PHALAROPES.

Bill lengthened. Fourth and second toes joined by webs to third. (In Phalaropus toes have scalloped webs.) Tarsus transversely shielded both in front and behind (Numenius excepted). Summer and winter garb distinct. Sexes alike (Pavoncella excepted). With hind toe (Calidris excepted).

Migratory birds scattered in both hemispheres. Winter visitants to India, breeding in and C Europe and Asia. They pick up small Crustacea and molluscs from the surface, and do not insert their bills deeply like Snipes. Several are solitary in their habits.

(i.) Anterior toes partially webbed at base.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily TOTANINAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
165
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
12909

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