Order GRALLAE

Order GRALLAE.

Hind toe, when present, slightly raised. Legs generally long, and part of the tibia bare. Schizognathous. Young hatched covered with down and able to run. (Heliornis, helpless and nearly naked). Eggs double-spotted.

Single notch on each side of posterior margin of breast-bone. Hind toe present . ... RALLUS RAILS.

HYPOTAENIDIA
CREX
PORZANA CRAKES. WATER-HENS.

RALLINA
AMAURORNIS
GALLICREX WATER-COCKS.

. GALLINULA . . MOORHENS.

PORPHYRIO ,
FULICA COOTS.

MESITES .
HELIOPAIS . FINFOOTS.
No notches on posterior margin of breast-bone. Hind toe present GRUS CRANES.

ANTHROPOIDES
ARAMIDAE . LIMPKINS,
EURYPYGIDAE SUN BITTERNS.
RHINOCHETIDAE KAGUS.
PSOPHIIDAE TRUMPETERS.
No hind toe. Two small notches on each side of posterior margin of breast-bone OTIS BUSTARDS.

EUPODOTIS .
HOUBARA .
. SYPHEOTIS . FLORIKINS.

Order GRALLAE

Includes Rails, Crakes, Water-Hens, Water-Cocks, Moorhens, Coots, Finfoots, Cranes, Limpkins or Courlans,* Sun Bitterns,* Kagus,* Trumpeters,* Bustards, and Florikins. Hind toe, when present, slightly raised. Legs generally long, and part of tibia is bare. Breast-bone with one or two notches on each side of posterior margin, or none. Oil-gland tufted, or none. Schizognathous, or birds with vomer narrow behind, pointed in front; maxillo palatines free. Young are hatched covered with down and able to run (except in Heliornithidae, where the young are helpless and nearly naked). Eggs double-spotted, one set of spots distinct and deeply coloured on the surface, the second set purplish or grey, less distinct, and apparently beneath the surface.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Order GRALLAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
121
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
12782

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