Subfamily PERDICINAE

Subfamily PERDICINAE.

Cutting edge of lower mandible not serrated. First primary equal to or longer than tenth (two species of Francolinus excepted). Tail shorter (usually much shorter) than wing. Sides of head feathered, with or without naked eye-patch. Extreme form of Partridge wing is found in the Snow-Partridge (Lerwa), where first primary is equal to third, and but slightly shorter than second (longest). Also among Quails (Coturnix and Syntecus), where first primary is equal to third and but slightly less than second, and sometimes the first three primaries are sub-equal and the first primary the longest.

4th primary longest. Tail 12 . PERDICULA . BUSH-QUAILS.
4th, 5th, and 6th primaries longest.
Tail 10 MICROPERDIX
2nd primary Tail 10 or 12
longest . 1 Tail 8 . COTURNIX , TRUE QUAILS.
EXCALFACTORIA . PAINTED QUAILS.
4th and 5th primaries longest . ARBORICOLA.
TROPICOPERDIX . HILL-PARTRIDGES.
5th primary longest, Tail 12...
Tail 14.. ROLLULUS . CALOPERDIX WOOD-PARTRIDGES.
3rd primary longest. Tail 14..
Tail. 12.. CACCABIS . RED-LEG PARTRIDGES.

AMMOPERDIX SAND-PARTRIDGES.
3rd and 4th primaries longest FRANCOLINUS ORTYGORNIS. FRANCOLINS.
4th primary longest. Tail 16 to 18. PERDIX TRUE PARTRIDGES.
2nd primary longest. Tail 20 to 22. TETRAO GALLUS . SNOW-COCKS.
4th primary longest. Tail 18 TETRAOPHASIS* . GROUSE PARTRIDGES.
2nd primary longest. Tail 14 LERWA SNOW-PARTRIDGES.

ODONTOPHORINAE*. AMERICAN PARTRIDGES AND QUAILS.
Subfamily PERDICINAE.

Cutting edge of lower mandible not serrated. First primary equal to or longer than tenth (two species of Francolinus excepted). Tail shorter (usually much shorter) than wing. Sides of head feathered, with or without naked eye-patch. Extreme form of Partridge wing is found in the Snow-Partridge (Lerwa), where first primary is equal to third, and but slightly shorter than second (longest). Also among Quails (Coturnix and Syntecus), where first primary is equal to third and but slightly less than second, and sometimes the first three primaries are sub-equal and the first primary the longest.

4th primary longest. Tail 12 . PERDICULA . BUSH-QUAILS.
4th, 5th, and 6th primaries longest.
Tail 10 MICROPERDIX
2nd primary Tail 10 or 12
longest . 1 Tail 8 . COTURNIX , TRUE QUAILS.
EXCALFACTORIA . PAINTED QUAILS.
4th and 5th primaries longest . ARBORICOLA.
TROPICOPERDIX . HILL-PARTRIDGES.
5th primary longest, Tail 12...
Tail 14.. ROLLULUS . CALOPERDIX WOOD-PARTRIDGES.
3rd primary longest. Tail 14..
Tail. 12.. CACCABIS . RED-LEG PARTRIDGES.

AMMOPERDIX SAND-PARTRIDGES.
3rd and 4th primaries longest FRANCOLINUS ORTYGORNIS. FRANCOLINS.
4th primary longest. Tail 16 to 18. PERDIX TRUE PARTRIDGES.
2nd primary longest. Tail 20 to 22. TETRAO GALLUS . SNOW-COCKS.
4th primary longest. Tail 18 TETRAOPHASIS* . GROUSE PARTRIDGES.
2nd primary longest. Tail 14 LERWA SNOW-PARTRIDGES.

ODONTOPHORINAE*. AMERICAN PARTRIDGES AND QUAILS.

Subfamily PERDICINAE.

OLD WORLD PARTRIDGES AND QUAILS.

Cutting edge of lower mandible not serrated. First primary equal to or longer than tenth (two species of Francolinus excepted). Tail shorter (usually much shorter) than wing. Sides of head feathered, with or without naked eye-patch. Extreme form of Partridge wing is found in the Snow-Partridge (Lerwa), where first primary is equal to third and but slightly shorter than second (the longest); also among Quails (Coturnix and Synoecus), where first primary is about equal to the third and but slightly less than second, and sometimes the first three primaries are subequal or first the longest.

(i.) With outer webs of primaries irregularly barred buff.

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily PERDICINAE
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
91
Volume: 
4th ed.
id: 
12712

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