Tail of sixteen feathers, rounded. Two species from N. America.
C. canadensis. Male 15 1/2". Female 14". The Canadian Grouse. Upper parts black barred brownish grey. Upper tail-coverts edged and tipped grey. Tail with terminal red band. Chin, throat, and below black.— Female: Chin and throat rufous, spotted black. Neck and chest black, barred rusty. Below the same, but tipped white. Frequent dense thickets and evergreen woods. Monogamous. Pairing begins end of April. E. of Rocky Mountains. Seven to thirteen eggs (1.75 x 1.25), reddish buff, heavily blotched dark brown.
C. franklini. Franklin's Grouse. Similar to C. canadensis, but upper tail-coverts tipped white and no terminal tail-band. W. of Rocky Mountains. Densely timbered mountain ranges from 5,000 to 9,000 feet altitude.