19. WHITE’S THRUSH.
Turdus varius, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. i. p. 449 (1811) ; (nec. Horsfield 1811) ; Dresser, ii. p. 77, pl. 10 ; Newton i. p. 251 ; (David and Oust.) Ois. Chine p. 158 ; (Seebohm) Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 151 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 280 ; Saunders, p. 11 ; Lilford, iii. p. 78, pl. 39 ; T. whitei, Eyton Rar. Brit. B. p. 92 (1836) ; Gould, B. of E. ii. p. 81 ; Naumann, xiii. p. 354 ; Newton P. Z. S. 1897, pl. li. fig. 5 (egg). oreocincla aurea (Hol.), Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 39.
Male ad. (Japan). Upper parts ochreous brown, under parts pale ochreous white, both above and below, marked with black, transverse bands ; axil¬laries white on the basal, and black on the terminal half ; tail composed of fourteen feathers ; upper mandible dark brown, the lower one pale yellowish tipped with brown ; legs dull yellowish brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.0, wing 6.5, tail 4.75, tarsus 1.35 inch. Female similar, but rather paler.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Japan, and northern China, in winter migrating to southern China ; has strayed as far west as Europe where it has been obtained in Austria, the Tyrol, Italy, southern France, Germany, Belgium, Heligoland, (where it has been obtained at least thirteen times), Sweden (once), Norway (once), Great Britain and Ireland.
White's Thrush is said to obtain its food on the ground, and feeds exclusively on insects when such are obtainable. Its note is loud and sibilous, and, according to Godlewski, it utters, when perched on a branch, at long intervals, a melancholy whistle, very difficult to describe. Swinhoe de¬scribes it as being shy and solitary in its habits, and its flight as low and undulating. It breeds in Eastern Siberia, northern China, and Japan, but fully authenticated eggs have as yet not been obtained, though eggs said to be those of this species, all differing from each other, have been sent from three sources. So far as I can judge, that figured by Prof. Newton (ut supra) received through Canon Tristram from Prof. Ijima of Tokio, is most probably authentic.
19. Turdus varius
19. WHITE’S THRUSH.