1077. Tringa occidentalis

1077. Western Semipalmated Sandpiper.
TRINGA OCCIDENTALIS.
Tringa occidentalis (Lawr.), Proc. Acad. N. S. Philad. 1864, p. 107 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 890 ; (Turner), Nat. Hist. Alaska, p. 148 ; (Nelson), Rep. Nat. Hist. Alaska, p. 113 ; (Ridgway), p. 162 ; Ereunetes pusillus, Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 514, partim ; E. petrificatus, Illiger, Prodr. p. 262 (1811 partim) ; T. semipalmata, Wilson, Am. Orn. viii. p. 131 (1813 partim).
Male ad. (Alaska). Crown and upper parts black varied with rusty red and cinnamon-buff ; the rump and upper tail-coverts nearly uniform blackish except on the sides, which are white ; quills blackish, the first with a white shaft ; wing-coverts tipped with white ; under parts white, the sides of head and throat, and the breast and flanks tolerably boldly streaked and spotted with blackish ; bill greenish olive at the base, otherwise black ; legs and feet greenish olive ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.0, wing 3'9, tail 1.8, tarsus 0.95 inch. In winter the upper parts are brownish grey, the crown paler, streaked narrowly with black ; under parts white, the breast, sides of neck, and flanks narrowly streaked with dusky grey.
Hab. Western North America, breeding north to the shores of Norton Sound, Alaska, where it is very common ; the Aleutian Islands. On the Asiatic coasts it has been met with on the Chukchi Peninsula in N.E. Siberia ; on passage and in winter it is common on the Pacific coasts to South America, and is said also to occur on the Atlantic coasts.
This, the western representative of the semipalmated Sand¬piper (T. pusilla, Linn.), does not differ from that species in habits. Its call-note is described as being a peeping trill. It arrives at its breeding place in May, and nests in June, the nest being a mere depression in the moss or grass, scantily lined with a few feathers. Its eggs, usually 4, but sometimes 5, in number, are described as being deep cinnamon-buff, sprinkled, speckled, or thickly spotted with bright rusty brown or chestnut, and measure about 1.24 by 0.87.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1077. Tringa occidentalis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1077
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
778
Common name: 
Western Semipalmated Sandpiper
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
11073

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