159. Kypolais opaca

159. WESTERN OLIVACEOUS WARBLER.
KYPOLAIS OPACA.
Hypolais opaca (Licht.) in Cat. Mus. Hein. i. p. 36 (1850) ; Dresser, ii. p. 531, pl. 82, fig. 1 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 83 ; H. cine- rascens (De Selys) fide Newton, Blas, List. B. Eur, p. 11 (1862).
Pinchahigos, Spanish.
Male ad. (Spain). Differs from H. pallida in being larger, with a larger first primary and a broader bill. Culmen 0.72, breadth of lower mandible at base 0.3, wing 2.8, tail 2.55, tarsus 0.9 inch : first primary extending 0.35 beyond the coverts, and 1.1. shorter than the second ; second 0.25 shorter than the third, the third and fourth equal.
Hab. Southern Spain and Algeria, wintering in West Africa as far south as Senegambia.
Frequents gardens and orchards, is very active and vivacious in its habits, tame and fearless. It affects tall trees in prefer┬Čence to bushes, and feeds on insects, which it captures on the wing with ease. Its song is clear and loud and usually uttered from a branch. Its call-note resembles the syllables tack, tack. Its nest, which is placed in the fork of a branch at some distance from the ground, is larger even than that of H. olivetorum, and is neatly built of dry grass-bents and rootlets, and lined with cotton and thistle-down. The eggs 4 or 5 in number are deposited in June, and resemble those of H. pallida, but are rather more boldly marked, and larger, measuring about 0.78 by 0.58.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
159. Kypolais opaca
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
159
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
110
Common name: 
Western Olivaceous Warbler
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11072

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