487. Pyrrhula major

Pyrrhula major, Brehm, Vog. Deutschl. p. 252 (1831) ; Dresser, iv. p. 97, pl. 198 ; Gould, B. of Asia, iv. pl. 38 ; Loxia Pyrrhula, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 300 (1706) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 446.
Dompap, Dan. and Norw. ; Domherre, Swed. ; Punatulkku-Leivonen, Finn. ; Snyargir, Russ.
Male ad. (Russia). Crown, nape, space round the eye, and a narrow space round the base of the bill purplish black ; upper parts bluish ash, the rump white ; wings, upper tail-coverts and tail glossy purplish black ; the innermost secondary with the outer web nearly all red ; larger wing-coverts tipped with ashy grey ; under parts rich vermilion red, the lower abdomen and under tail-coverts white ; bill black ; legs and iris dark brown. Culmen 0.45, wing 3.8, tail 3.1, tarsus 0.8 inch. The female has the head, wings, and tail not so glossy black, the upper parts ashy brown, the under parts warm brown, with a faint vinous tinge, the outer web of the inner secondary reddish grey, and the bill paler at the base.
Hab. Scandinavia, Russia, occurring as far south as Greece ; Eastern Europe generally ; Asia as far east as Dauria and south to Central Asia.
Throughout its range it is a resident, though some wander south in the winter. Essentially an inhabitant of the wood┬Člands it frequents woods, groves, and gardens, and inhabits both the plains and hills. It is by no means a stupid bird, but. wary and well able to take good care of itself. Its note and song do not appreciably differ from those of P. europoea. Both species are greatly valued as cage birds, and can readily be taught to whistle tunes. In captivity they thrive well, and soon become attached to their owner. Its nest and eggs closely resemble those of P. europoea, but are as a rule larger, the eggs measuring about 0.79 by 0.63.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
487. Pyrrhula major
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Vol. 1

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