240. Parus phAeonotus

240. PERSIAN COAL TITMOUSE.
PARUS PHAEONOTUS.
Parus phoeonotus, Blanford, Ibis, 1873, p. 88 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 44 ; Dresser, ix. p. 121, pl. 657 ; P. michailowskii, Bugdanoff, Ptits. Kavkasa, p. 87 (1889) ; Gadow, op. cit. p. 43.
Buraja-Gaitschka, Kavkaskaya-Gaitschka, Russian.
Ad. (Tiflis). Resembles P. britannicus, but is larger, the upper parts rather paler, the flanks warm brownish isabelline, and the centre of the abdomen pure white. Culmen 0.53, wing 2.7 tail 2.05, tarsus 0.75 inch The young bird has the upper parts duller and darker, the white portions of the plumage tinged with buffy yellow, and the flanks darker.
Hab. The Caucasus, Transcaspia, and Persia ; resident. In the summer it inhabits the mountains to an elevation of 7,000 feet, descending to the plains in winter. It frequents both conifer and deciduous groves and woods, and in general habits and note does not differ from P. ater. Its nest and eggs are as yet unknown.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
240. Parus phAeonotus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
240
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
166
Common name: 
Persian Coal Titmouse
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10628

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