371. Telephonus cucullatus

371. HOODED SHRIKE.
TELEPHONUS CUCULLATUS.
Telephonus cucullatus (Temm.), Man. d’Orn. iv. p. 600 (1840) ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 126 ; L. tehagra, Schlegel, Rev. Crit. p. xxi. (1844) ; L. erythropterus (nec. Shaw), Dresser, iii. p. 423, pl. 154.
Abermat, Moorish.
Male ad. (Morocco). Crown, nape, and a stripe from base of the bill through the eye beyond the ear-coverts glossy black ; a broad superciliary stripe white, tinged with ochreous isabelline ; sides of the face and upper parts greyish ashy brown, greyer on the rump ; wings and tail black, the former with broad chestnut-red external margins ; tail graduated, the central rectrices brownish black, obsoletely barred ; all the feathers broadly tipped with white ; upper throat and middle of abdomen whitish ; rest of under parts dark ashy grey ; bill black ; legs plumbeous ; iris brown. Culmen 1.0, wing 3.55, tail 4.9, tarsus 1.3 inch. Sexes alike. The young bird has the crown mixed with brown and the black streak through the eye is less distinct.
Hab. Algeria and Morocco, and is said to have occurred in Spain.
Frequents bushy localities, and forests near the coast, and unlike the true Shrikes when pursued it runs from bush to bush, hides in the dense thickets, and does not take flight. It feeds on insects of various kinds and their larvae, which it usually obtains on the ground. Its call-note is harsh, resembling the syllables tschagra, tschagra, chugra, chrug, and its song or whistle is an oft-repeated sweet prolonged note, very unlike the note of a Lanius. Its nest is placed on a bush or low tree, is bulky, constructed of twigs and roots, lined with wool, hair, or feathers, and the eggs, 4 to 6 in number, are deposited in April or May, and are white spotted and splashed with pale purplish red shell and red surface-markings, which are chiefly collected at the larger end ; in size they average about 0.98 by 0.75.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
371. Telephonus cucullatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
371
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
248
Common name: 
Hooded Shrike
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10375

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