5. HERMIT THRUSH.
Turdus pallasi, Cab. in Wiegm. Arch. (1847), p. 205 ; Naumann, xiii. p. 273, Taf. 355, figs. 1, 2 ; Dresser, ix. p. 5, pl. 634, fig. 1 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v, p. 199 ; Merula solitaria Swains. Faun. Bor Ala. ii. p. 184, pl. 35.
Ad. (New Brunswick). Above brownish olivaceous, tail and upper tail- coverts reddish brown ; below white washed with pale buff, sides of throat and breast marked with dub-triangular dark brown spots ; bill darkish biown, pale yellowish at the base ; legs brownish ; iris hazel. Culmen 0.59 wing 3.64, tail 2.88, tarsus 1.19 inch.
Hab. North America, east of the Rooky Mountains, wintering as far south as Florida ; has strayed to Europe, one having been obtained at Klein Zerbst, in Anhalt in 1825 a second in Switzerland, a third in Heligoland in 1836, and a fourth, which is, however, open to doubt, near Vienna in 1846.
It frequents wooded, swampy localities, especially alder swamps, hence its name “Swamp Robin,” by which it is gene¬rally known in New Brunswick, and is more terrestrial in its habits than Turdus swainsoni. Its song is exceeedingly sweet and melodious, and it was certainly the best songster I met with in New Brunswick. Its food consists chiefly of insects, worms, and small snails, which it picks up from the ground. Its nest is placed on the ground in damp, swampy, bush-covered localities, and is constructed of dead leaves, grass- bents, weeds, and bark-strips, lined with fine fibres, and the eggs 4 or 5 in number are deposited in May or early in June, and are uniform greenish-blue, unspotted, measuring about 0.88 by 0.7. American ornithologists recognise two sub-species of the present bird, viz., Turdus nanus, which inhabits Western North America, from Kodiak to Cape St. Lucas and Arizona, and Turdus auduboni, which inhabits the Rocky Moun-tains from Fort Bridger south into Mexico.
5. Turdus fallasi
5. HERMIT THRUSH.