990. Porzana exquisita

990. Button Crake.
PORZANA EXQUISITA.
Porzana exquisita, Swinhoe, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) xii. p. 376 (1873) ; id. Ibis, 1875, p. 135, pl. iii. ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 128 ; P. undulata, Tacz. J. f. O. 1874, p. 333 ; id. F. O. Sib. O. p. 999 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 358.
Shima-kuina, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). Upper parts, wings, and tail rufescent olivaceous, blotched with black and marked with white, the first quill white on the outer web, the secondaries white on the apical two-thirds ; throat, breast, and abdomen white, the lower neck, fore throat, sides of neck and flanks reddish brown with an olivaceous tinge, barred with blackish and margined with white ; bill deep brown, but greenish yellow at base of lower Mandible and on rectus ; legs and feet light flesh-brown, dark on joints and claws ; iris brown. Culmen 0.55, wing 3.0, tail 1.05, tarsus 0.8, middle toe and claw 0.95. The male is smaller, has less white on the wings, and the under parts are less mottled.
Hab. Darasun in Dauria, the Ussuri country, Japan, and North-eastern China.
Is most nearly allied to P. noveboracensis (Gm.) of North America, but is smaller and darker. Like its allies it is shy and secretive, hard to flush, and flies awkwardly. It frequents damp, swampy localities, and nests on the ground, making a nest of leaves of aquatic plants. The eggs are yellowish white, marked with a few greyish shell-spots, and with reddish brown surface-markings, which are more numerous on the basal portion ; in size they measure about 1.04 by 0.79.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
990. Porzana exquisita
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
990
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
709
Common name: 
Button Crake
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10108

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