Suborder CICONIAE.

Suborder CICONIAE.

The Storks differ, among other characters, from the Ibises in being holorhinal instead of schizorhinal, whilst from the Ardeae they are distinguished principally in having no intrinsic muscles to the syrinx. The mandible is not produced beyond its articulation with the quadrate; there is only one incision on each side of the posterior border of the sternum and the cervical vertebrae number seventeen; the ambiens muscle when present is always small and sometimes altogether wanting; the accessory femoro-caudal is absent, whilst the femoro-caudal is sometimes present, sometimes wanting; the dorsal bare tract does not extend to the neck; there are no powder-down patches; the middle toe is not pectinated.

Having no tracheo-bronchial muscles to the syrinx Storks are destitute of all voice, though some are said to be able to make a kind of grunting noise.
The Ciconiae contain one Indian family, which is cosmopolitan.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.6 1929.
Title in Book: 
Suborder CICONIAE.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1929
Page No: 
320
Volume: 
Vol. 6
id: 
5155

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith