Subfamily VANELLINAE

Subfamily VANELLINAE.

This subfamily contains a very large number of genera, mostly of the larger Plovers and Lapwings and it also embraces those genera included in the Lobi-vanellinae, a group which Lowe created provisionally but now considers insufficiently distinct from his Vanellinae to deserve recognition. His diagnosis of the Vanellinae is as follows : -

Pluvialine forms in which the lacrymals are not free but are merged in the supra-orbital ring, in which there is a conspicuous foramen for the nasal duct immediately caudad of the nasals, in which the supra-orbital grooves are deeply sculptured, often perforated with foramina, and extend well back to the anterior margin of the parietals, and in which the supra-orbital rim is conspicuously raised, everted or corniced.

Key to Genera.

A. Bill moderate, not longer than head, nasal groove not extending more than half the length of the upper mandible.
a. No wattle in front of the eye.
a1. No spur on bend of wing.
a2. A hind toe present.
a3. Head with long crest ………………VANELLUS, p. 179.
b3. Head not crested………………CHETTUSIA, p. 181.
b1. A sharp spur on bend of wing………………HOPLOPTERUS, p. 184.
b. A wattle present in front of the eye.
c1. A small hind toe present.
b2. Tarsus reticulated m front……………… Lobivanellus, p. 186.
c2. Tarsus transversely shielded in front……………… MICROSARCOPS, p. 191.
d1. No hind toe………………LOBIPLUVIA, p. 189.
B. Bill very long; nasal groove extending to more than half the length of the bill.
c. Bill straight; no hind toe………………HIMANTOPUS, p, 192.
d. Bill curved downwards.
e1. A hind toe present………………RECURVIROSTRA, p. 194.
f1. No hind toe present………………IBIDORHYNCHA, p. 196.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.6 1929.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily VANELLINAE
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1929
Page No: 
179
Volume: 
Vol. 6
id: 
4992

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith