Subfamily ESTRILDINAE

The Estrildinae, or Munias, differ from the true Wearer-Birds in having a very small first primary and in having no Spring moult. The sexes are generally alike but in Stictospiza they vary slightly and in Amandava very considerably. The wing is rather short with a small first primary and with the next three subequal. The tail varies considerably in shape.
Key to Genera.

A. Central tail-feathers narrow and pointed.
a. Tail rounded and very slightly graduated; crown black contrasting with back........Munia, p. 77.
b. Tail wedge-shaped and much graduated; crown similar in colour to the back.
a1. Colours brown and white…………….Uroloncha, p. 81.
b1 Colours green and crimson…………..Erythrura, p. 93.
B. Central tail-feathers broad and rounded.
c. Plumage with much green……………..Stictospiza, p. 94.
d. Plumage with much red………………..Amandava, p. 95.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.3 1926.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily ESTRILDINAE
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1926
Page No: 
77
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
3772

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith