Suborder ARDEAE

This suborder, containing the Herons and their allies, is holorhinal ; the mandible is not produced behind its articulation with the quadrate, and there is only a single incision on each side of the posterior border of the sternum. Cervical vertebras 18 to 20, Ambiens and accessory femoro-caudal absent, femoro-caudal sometimes very small. A pair of tracheo-bronchial muscles present. The spinal bare tract extends far up the neck; in one genus. Ardetta, the whole back of the neck is naked.

The suborder is sometimes divided into three families, Ardeidae, Scopidae, and Balaenicipitidae ; the last two are peculiar to Africa, and their relations to the Ardeidae are variously regarded by different writers. The Ardeidae alone are Indian.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Suborder ARDEAE
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
379
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
2258

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