Subfamily CHARADRIINAE

The present subfamily consists of Plovers and Lapwings, the only genus about which any doubt can arise being Strepsilas, the Turnstone, which has a differently shaped bill, though it resembles Plovers otherwise in structure.' Plovers have the bill of moderate length, rarely exceeding the head, the dertrum or terminal portion of the upper mandible is distinctly swollen, and the culmen convex towards the end. There is a considerable resemblance in form between a Plover's bill and a Pigeon's. The tarsus is always reticulated behind, but in front it is sometimes reticulated, sometimes transversely shielded.

The Plovers are birds of meadows and grassy or sandy tracts, rather than marsh birds. They are often found at the edge of water, but not as a rule actually in swamps.

Key to the Genera.

a. Bill conical, culmen flattened, no swelling near tip…………………………STREPSILAS, p. 222.
b. Upper mandible swollen near tip.
a1. A wattle in front of the eye.
a2. A small hind toe.
a3. Tarsus reticulated in front…………………………SARCOGRAMMUS, p. 224.
b3. Tarsus transversely shielded in front…………………………MICROSARCOPS, p. 228.
b2. No hind toe…………………………SARCIOPHORUS, p. 226.
b1. No wattle.
c2. A sharp spur at bend of wing…………………………HOPLOPTERUS, p. 229.
d2. No spur. c3. A hind toe.
a4. Head with a long crest…………………………VANELLUS, p. 230.
b4. No crest.
a5. 2nd or 3rd primary longest …………………………CHETTUSIA, p. 231.
b5. 1st primary longest…………………………SQUATAROLA, p. 235.
d3. No hind toe.
c4. Plumage spotted with yellow above …………………………CHARADRIUS, p. 233.
d4. Plumage brown above, not spotted…………………………AEGIALITIS, p. 236.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Subfamily CHARADRIINAE
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
222
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
2057

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