623. Saxicola vittata.
The Black-backed Eared Chat.
Saxicola vittata, Hempr. & Ehr. Symb. Phys. Aves, fol. cc (1833) ; Blanf. & Dresser, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 220; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 396; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 59; Hume, S. F. ix, p. 324 note ; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 444 ; Biddulph, Ibis, 1882, p. 277.
Coloration. Male. In autumn the forehead, crown, nape, hind neck, and a small portion of the upper back are white, tinged with grey or brown; lores, round eye, ear-coverts, sides of neck and of the breast, axillaries and under wing-coverts, back, scapulars, and wings black, many of the feathers fringed with greyish brown, and the wing-coverts with white ; rump, upper tail-coverts, and entire lower plumage white; tail white, except the terminal two-thirds of the middle pair of feathers and a band at the tips of the others, which are black. The summer plumage hardly differs.
Female. According to Seebohm differs from the male in having the black parts replaced by brown, and in having the head and nape suffused with brown.
Bill black, gape leaden; iris dark brown ; legs black (Scully).
Length about 6; tail 2.4; wing 3.6; tarsus .9; bill from gape .8.
The only specimens of this Chat that I have been able to examine are two males in Seebohm's Collection, one obtained by Severtzoff in Turkestan in March, and the other by Scully in Gilgit in June. The female is unknown to me.
Distribution. Has occurred in Gilgit in May and June. This species breeds in Turkestan, and is said to winter in Arabia and the Bogos country.