398. Sylvia cinerea.
The White-throated Warbler.
Sylvia cinerea, Bechst Orn. Taschenb. i, p. 170 (1802) ; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 483 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 8. Sylvia rufa (Bodd.), Hume, Cut. no. 582 quat.; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 233.
Coloration. After the autumn moult the whole upper plumage is russet-brown, the margins of the quills and coverts more rufous, approaching chestnut on the tertiaries and greater coverts ; tail brown, edged with russet, and the outermost feathers whity brown; lores grey ; sides of the forehead mixed russet and grey; chin, throat, and middle of abdomen whitish; the remainder of the lower plumage pale buff. In summer both sexes have the upper plumage greyish brown, and the male has the breast suffused with vinous.
Legs and feet yellowish brown; bill dusky above, fleshy at base of lower mandible ; iris yellowish brown (Butler) ; bill dark horny, whitish at base below; iris brown (Hume).
Length about 6 ; tail 2.5 ; wing 2.9 ; tarsus .8; bill from gape .6. Second primary equal to fourth; first primary very minute.
Distribution. This is a very rare species in India, and the specimens I have seen have been killed, without exception, in September. It is therefore impossible to say whether this is a winter or a summer visitor, or whether it merely passes through on migration. It has occurred at Gilgit and Astor, in Lower Sind, on Mount Abu, and at Deesa. Hume gives it from Jodhpore and Pali.
It breeds throughout Europe, and eastwards to Persia; and it winters in Africa. It is not unlikely, therefore, to be a summer visitor to India, and to breed there.