293. Trachycomus ochrocephalus.
The Yellow-crowned Bulbul.
Turdus ochrocephalus, Gmel. S. N. i, p. 821 (1788). Criniger ochrocephalus (Gm.), Blyth, Cat. p. 208 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 253. Trachycomus ochrocephalus (Gm.), Hume, S. F. i, p. 455; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 300 ; Hume, Cat. no. 449 bis; Sharpe, Cat. B. 31. vi, p. 93; Oates, B. B. i, p. 188; id. in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 184 note.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, a patch under the eye branching out into two streaks, one extending partially over the ear-coverts and one under, straw-yellow ; ear-coverts brown with white shafts ; lores and cheeks black, divided by a yellowish streak ; upper plumage and lesser wing-coverts ashy brown dashed with green, all the feathers except those of the rump with conspicuous white shafts, and the upper tail-coverts margined with olive-green; greater coverts, wings, and tail dark brown; the quills of the wing with the outer webs mostly olive-green, those of the tail edged with greenish and tipped below with pale ochraceous ; chin and throat white ; breast and sides of the neck ashy brown, with white shaft-streaks; sides of the body brown with indistinct shaft-stripes; abdomen and vent brownish white; thighs and under tail-coverts ochraceous ; under wing-coverts and axillaries ochraceous brown.
Legs and feet dark horny-brown or black; bill black ; iris pale or litharge-red ( Hume & Davison).
Length about 11; tail 5; wing 4.7; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. The southern portion of Tenasserim as far north as Mergui. This species extends down the Malay peninsula to Sumatra. Java, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. This bird was observed by Davison to keep in parties and to frequent spare jungle in preference to forest. It occasionally descends to the ground. A nest found at Kossoom in July in the Malay peninsula was a shallow saucer made of creeper-stems with some grass and moss, and placed in a bush. The groundcolour of the eggs varied from pale pink to warm salmon-pink, and the markings were reddish and purplish. The eggs measure about 1.05 by .75.