293. Trachycomus ochrocephalus

293. Trachycomus ochrocephalus.

The Yellow-crowned Bulbul.

Turdus ochrocephalus, Gmel. S. N. i, p. 821 (1788). Criniger ochrocephalus (Gm.), Blyth, Cat. p. 208 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 253. Trachycomus ochrocephalus (Gm.), Hume, S. F. i, p. 455; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 300 ; Hume, Cat. no. 449 bis; Sharpe, Cat. B. 31. vi, p. 93; Oates, B. B. i, p. 188; id. in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 184 note.

Coloration. Forehead, crown, a patch under the eye branching out into two streaks, one extending partially over the ear-coverts and one under, straw-yellow ; ear-coverts brown with white shafts ; lores and cheeks black, divided by a yellowish streak ; upper plumage and lesser wing-coverts ashy brown dashed with green, all the feathers except those of the rump with conspicuous white shafts, and the upper tail-coverts margined with olive-green; greater coverts, wings, and tail dark brown; the quills of the wing with the outer webs mostly olive-green, those of the tail edged with greenish and tipped below with pale ochraceous ; chin and throat white ; breast and sides of the neck ashy brown, with white shaft-streaks; sides of the body brown with indistinct shaft-stripes; abdomen and vent brownish white; thighs and under tail-coverts ochraceous ; under wing-coverts and axillaries ochraceous brown.

Legs and feet dark horny-brown or black; bill black ; iris pale or litharge-red ( Hume & Davison).

Length about 11; tail 5; wing 4.7; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. The southern portion of Tenasserim as far north as Mergui. This species extends down the Malay peninsula to Sumatra. Java, and Borneo.

Habits, &c. This bird was observed by Davison to keep in parties and to frequent spare jungle in preference to forest. It occasionally descends to the ground. A nest found at Kossoom in July in the Malay peninsula was a shallow saucer made of creeper-stems with some grass and moss, and placed in a bush. The groundcolour of the eggs varied from pale pink to warm salmon-pink, and the markings were reddish and purplish. The eggs measure about 1.05 by .75.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
293. Trachycomus ochrocephalus
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Yellow Crowned Bulbul
Vol. 1

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